DIRECTIONS: Read the "Situation Description" below to the class and set the tone of the exercise. Only show one document at a time to the students and discuss how each will or will not help to solve my dilemma. The purpose is to show that all documents are NOT equal and everyone who writes is NOT an expert. Each has knowledge--but from a different "POINT OF VIEW".



The annual Ely Tigers versus Dillard Panthers football game was played Friday night. Due to family commitments I was unable to attend the game. The game was decided when Donnell Wilson caught a touchdown pass on the last play of the 4th quarter giving Ely a 14-10 victory. Monday morning when I arrived at school "everyone" was talking about the "catch" and the victory. What I want to know is what REALLY happened and just how great of a play this catch actually was. Throughout the day I spoke to the following people in an attempt to obtain the truth. As I review each source I must constantly ask myself "what is the validity of each person's comment and what is their particular expertise in the area of high school football.


 Tom Robard, Newspaper Reporter, The Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel


The annual Ely--Dillard football game ended in dramatic fashion when Donnell Wilson caught the game winning touchdown pass as time expired. Wilson made a leaping catch and landed safely in the endzone capping an improbable come from behind win for the Tigers.

(note: most high school game results are phoned into the newspaper sports desk)


 Donnell Wilson, Ely Wide Receiver who caught the winning pass


Did you see that catch?! I mean it was great! Man I knew I had it! That D-back was nothing! I ran right by him and just reached out and pulled it in. Focus, real focus!! We're number 1!!


 Clayton Sheffield, Offensive Coach, Ely High School


Great catch! Unbelieveable! Donnell has heart and no quit in him. When it mattered I knew he would come through. He's tough, a real gamer! I had the team focused. We were ready to play. Never a doubt!


 Jasmine McNeil, Ely Cheerleader Captain


It was a totally awesome catch! We won the game and, like totally disgraced that other team. I knew we would win after our half-time show, and we did! We rock! Go Ely! Those Dillard guys had no chance. And you should have seen those Dillard girls! Their cheers were sloppy and screechy. No wonder we won!!! We're number 1!!


 Mary Griffin, Ely teacher who attended the game to watch her son play


Ely played real hard. The boys were great. It was a great catch that won a hard fought game. The noise in the stands after the game was unbelieveable. Everyone was hugging each other and screaming.


 Demetrius Johnson, Defensive back who covered Donnell, Dillard High School


We were robbed. That guy never caught the ball, he was lying there on the ground and the ball fell in his hands. He pushed me and the ref never saw nothing. Ely is nothing but a bunch of cheats!


 Mark Burton, Defensive Coach, Dillard High School


What can I say? Demetrius played him real tight. Ely ended up on the ground with the ball and the touchdown. Some nights you just aren't lucky, some you are.


 Owen Dyson, Football Referee, excerpt from his game report to the Florida High School Activities Association


It was a clean and simple catch resulting in a touchdown. No penalty was invloved.


 Robert Benson, Assistant Football Coach, University of Nebraska. Excerpt from his scouting report.


#83 Donnell Wilson, Senior. Position: Wide Receiver. Height: 5'6". Weight: 155. Comment: Has poor hands and only average speed.