Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor and painter who gained fame in the late 1930' and through the 1940's. Known as a surrealist he explored the reality of the human figure and surface depiction and meaning. Giacometti was primarily concerned with reporting the precise visual perception of objects and their relationship to the enveloping space. He reduced form to its essence in a tortured fragmentation that appears to comment on the nature of humankind in the contemporary world. The artist studied Egyptian and Renaissance art and used them to determine the value and position of man in the 20th century. Most of his works are made in bronze, and feature scarred or eroded surfaces. Within this medium he tried to show the downfall (dehumanization) of mankind.